2012

2012


Threat Prioritization Process for the Czech Security Strategy Making

Obrana a Strategie 1/2012


Miloš Balabán, Oldřich Krulík, Vladimír Krulík, Jan Ludvík, Luděk Moravec, Antotnín Rašek, Libor Stejskal


This article offers systematic view of a process of identification of security threats and, subsequently, their use in the making of strategic documents, notably the Security Strategy of the Czech Republic. It is not the aim of the authors to name or define such threats, but to present the process itself. It is paramount to any credible security strategy that it deals with the threat identification in the most precise fashion. The authors take reservations against the “catalogue” approach and claim the processes of prioritization and categorization to be essential for any policies derived from the security strategy, especially in times of economic need. It is also the 2011 final paper of the project “Trends, Risks, and Scenarios of the Security Developments in the World, Europe, and the Czech Republic – Impacts on the Policy and Security System of the Czech Republic” (TRS / VG20102013009).


Up-to-date Trends and Shifts in Global Security Environment

Vojenské rozhledy 2/2012


Miloš Balabán


The beginning of the second decade of 21st century is tied with distinctive dynamics and changes in global security environment. Among those changes belong security re-orientations of the United States from Transatlantic area to that of Pacific, East and Southeast Asia resulting from a new American military strategy proclaimed in January 2012. The US drew down from Iraq and Afghanistan, political and security movement in Arab world, after decades of "status quo" were awaking. The author concludes that the EU should be prepared for negative scenarios in the development of security situation, or to have at its disposal effective police and military forces with proper humanitarian background to counter possible instability, e.g. massive migration influxes, economy disorders.


Current Possibilities of Building a Comprehensive Security Management System of the Czech Republic

The Science for Population Protection 1/2012


Miloš Balabán, Antonín Rašek


The study explores the possibilities of building a comprehensive security management system for the Czech Republic. The concept of the comprehensive security management system is based on the premise that to cope with a broad range of security challenges we need a state-controlled, sufficiently centralized yet flexible security system that will, at all its levels, guarantee coordinated action to implement the required measures, while leaving enough scope for solving security problems at the lowest possible level. In drafting the concept of the system, the main emphasis so far has been on building its formal structure and elements (which reflects the realities of the Czech security environment). Less attention has been paid to linking the elements and to the management process itself, i. e. to assessing how the system would behave in operation and how effectively it can fulfill the stated aims. While the concept of the system as well as its actors have been defined only in general terms, a critical analysis has revealed a number of problems even at this level: in the drafting and implementation of security documents, in adopting strategic decisions concerning security and in the operation of key security departments. The article also discusses the present-day development of the Czech security system and the problems of its operation.



Global Power Transformations: Political, Economic and Security Dimensions

Central European Journal of International & Security Studies 2/2012


Miloš Balabán


International relations are in the midst of tremendous transformation; to the distribution of political, economic and military power. This work traces such changes by looking at a wide series of indicators and seeks to explain - in a predictive manner - how the international environment will settle in the decades to come. Certainly, such predictive work is not meant to provide a stubbornly defended “truth.” Instead, this work should be read as a contribution to international relations scholarship which attempts to capture trends so that adequate policies may be advanced.


Leader of the Free Word and the Balance of Threats: Understanding Obama's New Defence Strategy

Vojenské rozhledy 2/2012


Jan Ludvík


This strategy has received substantial attention and triggered the discussion about the future of U.S. security policy and America's role in the world. The article argues that American strategy is often misunderstood, particularly in the Czech environment. Obama's defence strategy and its foundations must be explained through the lenses of the balance of threats developed by Stephen Walt. Washington is balancing what it perceives to be the greatest threat to American leadership in the world. Threats are presented by emerging power of People's China, the situation in Middle East. Europe is not less important; it is still an important American ally.






2012

2012


Threat Prioritization Process for the Czech Security Strategy Making

Obrana a Strategie 1/2012


Miloš Balabán, Oldřich Krulík, Vladimír Krulík, Jan Ludvík, Luděk Moravec, Antotnín Rašek, Libor Stejskal


This article offers systematic view of a process of identification of security threats and, subsequently, their use in the making of strategic documents, notably the Security Strategy of the Czech Republic. It is not the aim of the authors to name or define such threats, but to present the process itself. It is paramount to any credible security strategy that it deals with the threat identification in the most precise fashion. The authors take reservations against the “catalogue” approach and claim the processes of prioritization and categorization to be essential for any policies derived from the security strategy, especially in times of economic need. It is also the 2011 final paper of the project “Trends, Risks, and Scenarios of the Security Developments in the World, Europe, and the Czech Republic – Impacts on the Policy and Security System of the Czech Republic” (TRS / VG20102013009).


Up-to-date Trends and Shifts in Global Security Environment

Vojenské rozhledy 2/2012


Miloš Balabán


The beginning of the second decade of 21st century is tied with distinctive dynamics and changes in global security environment. Among those changes belong security re-orientations of the United States from Transatlantic area to that of Pacific, East and Southeast Asia resulting from a new American military strategy proclaimed in January 2012. The US drew down from Iraq and Afghanistan, political and security movement in Arab world, after decades of "status quo" were awaking. The author concludes that the EU should be prepared for negative scenarios in the development of security situation, or to have at its disposal effective police and military forces with proper humanitarian background to counter possible instability, e.g. massive migration influxes, economy disorders.


Current Possibilities of Building a Comprehensive Security Management System of the Czech Republic

The Science for Population Protection 1/2012


Miloš Balabán, Antonín Rašek


The study explores the possibilities of building a comprehensive security management system for the Czech Republic. The concept of the comprehensive security management system is based on the premise that to cope with a broad range of security challenges we need a state-controlled, sufficiently centralized yet flexible security system that will, at all its levels, guarantee coordinated action to implement the required measures, while leaving enough scope for solving security problems at the lowest possible level. In drafting the concept of the system, the main emphasis so far has been on building its formal structure and elements (which reflects the realities of the Czech security environment). Less attention has been paid to linking the elements and to the management process itself, i. e. to assessing how the system would behave in operation and how effectively it can fulfill the stated aims. While the concept of the system as well as its actors have been defined only in general terms, a critical analysis has revealed a number of problems even at this level: in the drafting and implementation of security documents, in adopting strategic decisions concerning security and in the operation of key security departments. The article also discusses the present-day development of the Czech security system and the problems of its operation.



Global Power Transformations: Political, Economic and Security Dimensions

Central European Journal of International & Security Studies 2/2012


Miloš Balabán


International relations are in the midst of tremendous transformation; to the distribution of political, economic and military power. This work traces such changes by looking at a wide series of indicators and seeks to explain - in a predictive manner - how the international environment will settle in the decades to come. Certainly, such predictive work is not meant to provide a stubbornly defended “truth.” Instead, this work should be read as a contribution to international relations scholarship which attempts to capture trends so that adequate policies may be advanced.


Leader of the Free Word and the Balance of Threats: Understanding Obama's New Defence Strategy

Vojenské rozhledy 2/2012


Jan Ludvík


This strategy has received substantial attention and triggered the discussion about the future of U.S. security policy and America's role in the world. The article argues that American strategy is often misunderstood, particularly in the Czech environment. Obama's defence strategy and its foundations must be explained through the lenses of the balance of threats developed by Stephen Walt. Washington is balancing what it perceives to be the greatest threat to American leadership in the world. Threats are presented by emerging power of People's China, the situation in Middle East. Europe is not less important; it is still an important American ally.